Matthew Henrys Commentary on the Whole Bible-Book of 1st Peter
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The design of this first epistle is, I. To explain more fully the doctrines of Christianity to these newly-converted Jews. To direct and persuade them to a holy conversation, in the faithful discharge of all personal and relative duties, whereby they would secure their own peace and effectually confute the slanders and reproaches of their enemies. To prepare them for sufferings.
This seems to be his principal intention; for he has something to this purport in every chapter, and does, by a great variety of arguments, encourage them to patience and perseverance in the faith, lest the persecutions and sad calamities that were coming upon them should prevail with them to apostatize from Christ and the gospel. It is remarkable that you find not so much as one word savouring of the spirit and pride of a pope in either of these epistles.
Starting your free trial of Bible Gateway Plus is easy. The word of God is the only rule God hath given us. It is a perfect and sufficient rule. The accounts that God hath given us in scripture concerning his Son Jesus Christ are what require our strictest attention. Behold, I lay, etc. John calls for the like attention, Jn.
These demands of attention to Christ show us the excellency of the matter, the importance of it, and our stupidity and dulness. The setting up of the pope for the head of the church is a human contrivance and an arrogant presumption; Christ only is the foundation and head of the church of God. Jesus Christ is the chief corner-stone that God hath laid in his spiritual building.
The corner-stone stays inseparably with the building, supports it, unites it, and adorns it.
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So does Christ by his holy church, his spiritual house. Jesus Christ is the corner-stone for the support and salvation of none but such as are his sincere people: Three things put a man into great confusion, and faith prevents them all-disappointment, sin, and judgment. Faith has a remedy for each. He deduces an important inference, v. Hence the apostle infers with respect to good men, "To you therefore who believe he is precious, or he is an honour. Christ is the crown and honour of a Christian; you who believe will be so far from being ashamed of him that you will boast of him and glory in him for ever.
Whatever is by just and necessary consequence deduced from scripture may be depended upon with as much certainty as if it were contained in express words of scripture. The prophet did not expressly say so, but yet he said that from which the consequence was unavoidable. Our Saviour bids them search the scriptures, because they testified of him; and yet no place in those scriptures to which he there refers them said that Jesus of Nazareth was the Messiah. The business of a faithful minister is to apply general truths to the particular condition and state of his hearers.
The apostle quotes a passage v. This requires wisdom, courage, and fidelity; but it is very profitable to the hearers. Jesus Christ is exceedingly precious to all the faithful. Disobedient people have no true faith. By disobedient people understand those that are unpersuadable, incredulous, and impenitent.
These may have some right notions, but no solid faith. Those that ought to be builders of the church of Christ are often the worst enemies that Christ has in the world. In the Old Testament the false prophets did the most mischief; and in the New Testament the greatest opposition and cruelty that Christ met with were from the scribes, pharisees, chief priests, and those who pretended to build and take care of the church.
Still the hierarchy of Rome is the worst enemy in the world to Jesus Christ and his interest. God will carry on his own work, and support the interest of Jesus Christ in the world, notwithstanding the falseness of pretended friends and the opposition of his worst enemies.
The apostle adds a further description, still preserving the metaphor of a stone, v. The words are taken from Isa. The builders, the chief-priests, refused him, and the people followed their leaders; and so Christ became to them a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, at which they stumbled and hurt themselves; and in return he fell upon them as a mighty stone or rock, and punished them with destruction.
Jairus, daughter raised by Jesus. James, the Apostle, son of Zebedee "James the Greater". Jeroboam II, King of Israel, Jeremiah, the prophet.
Jehoshaphat, King of Judah, Esther, Queen of Persia, cousin of Mordecai. Esau, son of Isaac and Rebecca "Edom". Augustus Caesar, Roman empire's first Emperor. Baal, god of Asia Minor. Asaph, psalmist.
Aquila, of Corinth, husband of Pricilla. Apollos, of Alexandria. Balaam's Donkey. Barabbas, criminal released instead of Jesus. Beelzebub, prince of demons. Bathsheba, wife of Uriah, David's great sin. Bartholomew, the Apostle "Nathaniel". Barnabas, a Levite from Cyprus "also named Joseph". Antichrist, one who puts himself in place of Christ. Annas, high priest, questioned Jesus.
1 Peter 1 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete)
Abraham, son of Terah, father of Issac, husband of Sarai, lived years "Abram". Abel, son of Adam and Eve, killed by Cain. Abednego, of the fiery furnace "Azariah". Abba "God the Father". Adam, father of Cain, Abel, Seth, he lived years. Ahab, King of Israel Angel of the Lord, God. Andrew, the Apostle, Simon Peter's brother, crucified.
Ancient of Days, God. Amos, writer of one of prophetic books in the Bible. Benjamin, son of Jacob and Rachel, brother of Joseph. Bereans, searched the Scriptures. Delilah, Samson's demise.
Dorcas, Peter raised from the dead "Tabitha". Deborah, the prophet, one of judges in the Bible.
David, King of Israel, son of Jesse. Daniel, the Prophet, survived the lion's den. Ehud, one of judges in the Bible, sent by God to deliver Israel from Moabites. Eli, the priest.